From the beginning of time, human movement and settlement patterns were solely dependent on basic human needs such as food, water, and trade. And as we progressed into the 20th and 21st Centuries, these factors continue to influence patterns of the diaspora in different forms and with different motivations such as education, social betterment, and financial restrictions that were all usually coupled with necessity. However, in the contemporary and developed world, essential travel developed into a widespread activity of the masses supported by diverse services. As a leisure activity, according to Appadurai in 2002, Tourism represents an exchange of culture and plays a significant role in understanding the world we live in.
In recent times, the inter-relationships between tourism, culture, and heritage have been the center of discussion among scholars and researchers at both national and international levels. Yet, there remains a need to better comprehend this link existing between culture and natural environment as a way of protecting and re-creating its resources. This link between culture, environment, heritage, society, and economics, known as the inextricable link, forms the basis of sustainable development and tourism. With a current failure to put theory into practice and words into action, there is a persistent need for practical solutions to achieve sustainable tourism.
That’s why The 2nd International Conference on “Cultural Sustainable Tourism (CST)” will be held in collaboration with Instituto Universitário da Maia – ISMAI, at Maia of Portugal, from the 13th to the 15th of October 2020.